What is the endocannabinoid system?
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What is the endocannabinoid system?
The endocannabinoid system is a biological system composed of endocannabinoids, which are endogenous lipid-based retrograde neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors, and cannabinoid receptor proteins that are expressed throughout the vertebrate central nervous system and peripheral nervous system.
What are Terpenes?
Terpenes carry scent info to olfactory system that are responsible for perception, learning, and emotion.
Terpenes are the main organic compound (ingredient) that give essential oils their aromas, flavors, and arguably medicinal benefits. Terpen's portable personal essential oil diffusers use vaporizer technology to deliver all-natural Terpene & essential oil blends in classic aromatherapy combinations, that pass through your olfactory system. Aromatherapy uses aromatic plant oils, including essential oils, and other terpenes for improving psychological or physical well-being. Its offered as a natural therapy or as a form of alternative medicine.
We offer food-grade highly-concentrated terpene flavors! Terpen™ flavorings, Essential oils, Aromatic oils, fragrance oils, oils for consumption, oils for healing purposes, oils for stress management, oils for drink mixes. Multiple dietary supplements uses for human consumption, including transdermal patches, gels, creams, ointments, lotions, soaps, and shampoos.
What is the difference between Hemp Seed Oil, CBD Oil and Hemp Extract?
Hemp oil is the most broad of these terms. There are some products labeled hemp oil that have CBD in them and some that do not. To know whether something labeled hemp oil has CBD in it, you need to understand the difference between hemp seed oil and CBD oil.
Hemp Seed Oil
Hemp seed oil is basically the hemp equivalent to olive oil, coconut oil and grapeseed oil. It’s good for cooking and can make an excellent salad dressing but it contains no CBD. It’s generally not considered to be medicinal. The seeds of the cannabis plant, whether it’s hemp or marijuana, don’t produce any CBD. So if you’re looking for CBD oil, hemp seed oil is notwhat you want.
How do you know if a product labeled hemp oil is just hemp seed oil? The product label will typically just describe the product as “unrefined cold-pressed hempseed oil.” The most obvious giveaways are the cheap price and the large bottle. Nutiva, a popular brand of hemp seed oil that is sold on Amazon and in grocery stores, sells for less than $20 for a 24 ounce bottle. Most CBD oil products come in 1 ounce (30 milliliter) bottles and cost considerably more than $20.
Instead of just saying CBD on the label, many products that contain CBD list the primary ingredient as hemp extract. To add to the confusion, they may also list hemp seed oil, olive oil or MCT oil as ingredients. This can lead some people to mistakenly think there isn’t any CBD in the product. Those other oils listed are the “carrier oils.” Carrier oils dilute the concentrated hemp extract (which includes the pure CBD) to improve the taste of the product.
CBD oil is extracted from the aerial flower parts, stalk and/or stems of the hemp plant. Unfortunately, it’s typically not easy to know if a product contains CBD just by looking at its label. Many products containing CBD don’t mention CBD anywhere on the label. That’s because saying CBD on the label or website can increase the company’s risk associated with FDA regulations and credit card processing agreements.
What Is The Difference Between Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and Isolate CBD Oil?
Full spectrum (or “whole plant”) products contain terpenes as well as other cannabinoids such as CBD, CBG, CBN and trace amounts of THC. Usually naturally-occurring and extracted from the plant and specific strain for a full 'entourage effect'. This is where all the cannabinoids and terpenes are working together.
Terpenes and cannabinoids are sometimes added as an isolated form to increase the potency of the product.
The THC found in full spectrum hemp oil products, although minimal (less than 0.3%), can possibly still trigger a positive drug test.
Broad spectrum products contain an array of cannabinoids and terpenes but 0% THC. 3rd Party Lab Testing Reports can tell you which cannabinoids and terpenes are in the product and at what percentage.
These products have often gone through additional processing to try to isolate and remove as much THC as possible while still maintaining the other cannabinoids and terpenes. In other cases, they are isolate-based with additional cannabinoids and terpenes added in.
Usually, CBD has literally been isolated from everything else and will generally be highlighted as being 99+% verified pure. 99.5% or lower purity may still have trace amounts of THC
You can find pre-made isolate oils that typically consist of a carrier oil, such as MCT oil, infused with the crystalline isolate powder. You can also find the “raw” CBD crystalline powder or slabs (a form of concentrate) on its own.
There are also products out there called terpsolates, which is the crystalline isolate infused with terpenes. These products can give you a bit of an enhanced effect over just CBD isolate on its own depending on the terpenes that have been used.
Which is Better?
While there is much debate on which form is better, this 2015 study leans in favor of full spectrum CBD oil products necessary to take full advantage of the 'entourage effect' cannabis has to offer. However, everyone's endocannabinoid system is different and it comes down to the individual user and their needs.
If passing a drug test is a concern, do not use full spectrum, you’re encouraged to seek out CBD isolate products (or terpsolates) or broad spectrum products.
Not everyone who uses CBD oil will test positive on a drug test. But it can and does happen, even with products that claim to have 0% THC. If you’re using any CBD oil product, you should be aware of the risks and make the decision that is right for you.
The level of risk is dependent on a number of factors including the type of product you are taking, your body chemistry, dosage and duration of use and the sensitivity of the drug test.
What is the Bioavailability by CBD Delivery Method?
Bioavailability refers to the portion of actual product that gets into your bloodstream/system. 100% bioavailability is generally reserved for intravenous methods and is not applicable for the uses below. Below are all of the methods and their respective bioavailabilites:
- Sublingual: 20-30%
- Vaping/Inhalation: 30-40%
- Oral: Approximately 5%
- Topical: Does Not Apply
- Transdermal: Approximately 70+%
- Suppositories: 80-90%
Sublingual Drops – How Many Drops of CBD Oil Should I Take?
There is no “right” way for you to determine your optimal dosage. Here are a few methods that people have used successfully. These are merely suggestions based on what we’ve heard from users and should not be construed as medical advice.
1. Microdosing. Based on feedback from users, this method is the most successful and cost effective way of finding your “sweet spot” dosage. It involves taking very small amounts of CBD on a regular schedule. Depending on potency, this can mean taking as little as 1 drop every 45 minutes until you feel a difference. Microdosing requires a high level of time, attention and patience.
2. Decide on a target serving size based on number of milligrams of CBD. The chart in Figure 2 below suggests daily serving size in milligrams of CBD based on severity of concern and weight.
What are the top selling consumer products?
Isolated products: drops, gummies, capsules, topicals, disposable vape pens, pure isolate, terpsolate, wax and pet products.
Broad spectrum products: drops, vape liquids, gummies, capsules, topicals, bath bombs, pet tinctures and dog treats.
Other popular products: pain roll-on, sports cream, CBD foot cream, blemish control cream.